Our work in Governance and Human Rights focuses on four (4) areas; Supporting efforts aimed at building institutions that are accountable and responsive to deliver on the 2016 vision and goals, NDP10 goals, MDGs and other international agreements and obligations; strengthening human rights institutions in order for them to respond to the rights of vulnerable groups including youth, children, women, PWA, refugees and disabled; mainstreaming gender in national laws and policies, and in national, district and community plans and programmes; and enhancing disaster risk reduction and preparedness capacities at all levels.
Botswana has gained global recognition as a model of democratic good governance in Africa. It has established solid democratic traditions, typified most prominently by regular free and fair elections and an unrestrained multiparty system.
The country has developed good laws and policies and strong institutions to implement them in several critical areas of governance, amongst them politics, the economy, law and order, and the environment.
The constitution, as the supreme law, and a raft of subsidiary legislations provide the framework for securing law and order and protecting national interests. Property rights are well defined and protected, and good economic and environmental governance outcomes have been achieved.
Key features of Botswana’s governance structure include:
- Constitutionalism: The constitution provides for and defines a wide range of human rights and freedoms. To date, amendments to the constitution have been minimal and have mostly tended to promote human rights and freedoms. These include the 1997 changes reducing the voting age from 21 to 18, allowing citizens outside Botswana to vote, reducing the presidential tenure to a maximum of two five year terms and establishing an independent electoral commission.
- Regular free and fair elections: Since independence in 1965, Botswana has held free and fair elections ten times, according Batswana the opportunity to elect their leaders and have a say in how they are governed. It has also resourced an Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) to transparently oversee electoral processes.
- Institutions of governance: The country has developed a range of institutions of governance and service delivery. The Directorate of Corruption and Economic Crimes (DCEC), the Ombudsman, the Independent Electoral Commission, and the Auditor General are among some of the institutions that promote transparency and accountability.
- Media freedom: An independent media has grown considerably in Botswana, providing an alternative to the state media. The print media is especially diverse, with more than ten newspapers. Radio has also diversified. Botswana now has three independent radio stations serving its population of two million.
- Low levels of corruption: According to Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index, Botswana is the least corrupt country in Africa and ranks 30th in the world out of 182 countries surveyed in 2012, an improvement from 32nd in 2011.
- Economic governance: The management of both fiscal and monetary policy in Botswana has delivered macroeconomic stability, creating a good environment for growth, diversification and economic transformation. The Bank of Botswana has been successful in keeping inflation moderate (below 10%) though the inflation rate frequently reaches the upper limit of the target range of 3-6%, and in regulating the financial sector to ensure its security, growth, efficiency and effectiveness in providing financial intermediation