- About Botswana
HDI Rank 2018
land under protection
Population living below the poverty datum line
The Republic of Botswana is a landlocked and semi-arid country located in the centre of Southern Africa. It is bordered by Zambia and Zimbabwe to the north and South Africa and Namibia to the south. It has a land surface area of 582, 000 sq km. The country is relatively flat, lying at an average of 900m above sea level, with occasional rocky outcrops.
Botswana is a constitutional republic and a stable 53-year old democracy. The mandate to govern is secured through the popular vote in a “first past the post” or simple majority electoral system. There are three branches of government - the executive, the legislature and the judiciary, whose powers and the manner in which each exercises them, are set forth in the constitution.
The country is an active member of the United Nations, Southern African Development Community (SADC), the Non-Aligned Movement and the Commonwealth. It is also a member (alongside Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland) of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU).
Botswana is one of Africa’s veritable economic and human development success stories. It has made the transition from Least Developed Country (LDC) at the time of independence in 1966 to Middle Income (MIC) in three decades.
Botswana provides a comprehensive regime of social safety nets with high rates of coverage. These provide a comprehensive buffer against hunger. Thus, Botswana has no record of people dying of hunger. The social safety nets include separate programmes for destitute persons, the aged, people with disability, orphans and World War II veterans.